important!Ignoring osteochondrosis inevitably leads to complications, reduced physical activity, reduced quality of life, and sometimes disability.
Osteochondrosis causes and symptoms
- Stooping and poor posture (they can cause spinal curvature)
- Weakness of the back muscles (so the entire load falls on the spine)
- often in uncomfortable positions
- Excessive physical activity related to lifting and carrying heavy objects, strength sports
- spinal injury
- Nutritional deficiency or excess nutrition, causing metabolic disorders
- excess weight
- often sit
- hormone imbalance
- bad genetics
- severe back pain
- Numbness in the arms or legs (sometimes both at the same time)
- Headache turns into migraine
- Neck and extremity pain
- Dizziness, spots in front of eyes, and sometimes loss of consciousness
- cold hands and feet
- Characteristic pain in the chest (eg, intercostal neuralgia) and heart area
- painful movements
Occurrence of osteochondrosis
stages of osteochondrosis
- It all starts with the fact that the nucleus pulposus is dehydrated. As the disc height decreases, the annulus fibrosus is covered by cracks. At this stage, pathology is difficult to notice because all changes occur in the disc. No back or neck pain yet.
- As the disc height decreases, muscles and ligaments can sag. This is caused by the convergence of the attachment points of muscles and ligaments. Initially, they attach to two adjacent vertebrae, but if the distance between these vertebrae decreases, this will inevitably affect the muscle tissue.
- The third stage is characterized by changes becoming apparent. Prolapse and disc herniation may occur. Herniation precedes the development of disc herniation. Often, the progression of the disease can be stopped at this stage because the annulus fibrosus remains intact and repair can still be attempted. But because the protrusion does not cause pain, few people seek help from a doctor at this stage.
- In the final stage, the annulus fibrosus ruptures. To combat the excessive movement of the vertebrae at the site of disc destruction, the body moves and osteophytes develop on the vertebrae.
important!It is impossible to diagnose osteochondrosis without first taking a medical history.
How is osteochondrosis treated?
- magnetic puncture effect
- drug puncture effect
- Acupuncture reflexology
- vacuum effect
- electrical stimulation
- manual therapy